Effect of Inoculation with Rhizobacteria and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth and Yield of Capsicum chinense Jacquin

M. Constantino, R. Gómez-Álvarez, J. D. Álvarez-Solís, V. Geissen, E. Huerta, E. Barba


We evaluated the effect of two rhizobacteria (Azotobacter chroococcum and Azospirillum brasilense) and a commercial product containing multiple strains of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and an NPK fertiliser on the growth and yield of habanero chilli (Capsicum chinense Jacquin). All treatments were applied as single or combined inoculants, under nursery and field conditions, in a completely randomised design. The biofertilisers were applied to the roots by coating or dipping, with the inoculants in a solid or liquid support, respectively. At 30 days after inoculation, populations of 2.5×106 to 1.3×106 cfu g soil−1 of A. brasilense and 10.3×105 to 2.6×105 of A. chroococcum were detected in the rhizosphere of the crop. The prevalence of colonisation of plants inoculated with AMF ranged from 35 to 57%, with the greatest values recorded for the treatment involving single biofertilisation by root coating. In the nursery phase, single biofertilisation promoted a higher growth and nutrient content in the crop than combined biofertilisation. However, in the field phase the combined biofertilisation increased the nutrient content of the plant leaves, which was significantly greater than observed in the NPK treatment.
The highest yields were recorded for the treatments involving a single inoculation of A. chroococcum and for those with the multi-strain of AMF, with average values of 2.5 and 2.3 kg plant−1 respectively, compared with 1.0 kg plant−1 obtained with the treatment in which NPK fertiliser was applied.


Biofertiliser; Azospirillum brasilense; Azotobacter chroococcum; PGPR; root coating

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